Marshall, Thomas H.

(1893-1982)
An English sociologist and professor of sociology at the London School of Economics, he is best-known for his theory of citizenship . He argued (in Class, Citizenship and Social Development, 1963) that citizenship has expanded from legal rights (such as a fair trial) in the eighteenth century, to political rights (such as voting) in the nineteenth century, to welfare rights (such as social security payments) in the twentieth century. These rights were institutionalized in law courts, parliament, and the welfare state . He developed the notion that modern societies are ‘hyphenated societies’ in The Right to Welfare and Other Essays(1981), because they are organized around the conflicting principles of welfare , class , and democracy . He also wrote an influential study of social policy (Social Policy in the Twentieth Century, 1965). His concept of citizenship continues to be influential although it has been criticized. For example, he neglected the idea of industrial democracy as a further stage in the development of citizenship rights. His account is also said to be Anglocentric and evolutionist (see, ‘Ruling Class Strategies and Citizenship’, Sociology, 1987). His ideas exerted a significant influence on the work of numerous distinguished sociologists, including (in the United States) Robert Merton, S. M. Lipset, and Reinhard Bendix; and (in Britain) Ralf Dahrendorf, A. H. Halsey, and David Lockwood.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • Marshall, Thomas R — ▪ vice president of United States born March 14, 1854, North Manchester, Ind., U.S. died June 1, 1925, Washington, D.C.  28th vice president of the United States (1913–21) in the Democratic administration of President Woodrow Wilson (Wilson,… …   Universalium

  • Marshall, Thomas William — • Controversial writer, b. 1818; d. at Surbiton, Surrey, 14 Dec., 1877 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Marshall, Thomas R(iley) — born March 14, 1854, North Manchester, Ind., U.S. died June 1, 1925, Washington, D.C. U.S. politician. As governor of Indiana (1909–13) he sponsored a broad program of social legislation. In 1912 he was elected vice president on a ticket with… …   Universalium

  • Marshall, Thomas R(iley) — (14 mar. 1854, North Manchester, Ind., EE.UU.–1 jun.1925, Washington, D.C.). Político estadounidense. Como gobernador de Indiana (1909–13) patrocinó un amplio programa de leyes sociales. En 1912 fue elegido vicepresidente en la fórmula de Woodrow …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Elizabeth Marshall Thomas — (* 1931) ist eine US amerikanische Ethnologin und Autorin. Sie lebt in Peterborough, New Hampshire, USA. Leben Elizabeth Marshall Thomas wurde als Tochter des Unternehmers Laurence Marshall und der Englisch Lehrerin Lorna Marshall geboren. Ihr… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Elizabeth Marshall Thomas — (born 1931) is an American anthropologist and author.Amongst other works and novels, she wrote The Harmless People, Warrior Herdsmen, The Hidden Life of Dogs, The Social Life of Dogs, , , , Reindeer Moon and The Animal Wife . External links *… …   Wikipedia

  • Marshall — Marshall, Thomas H …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Marshall (Name) — Marshall ist ein englischer Vor und Familienname. Herkunft und Bedeutung Der Name „Marshall“ ist die englische Schreibweise von Marschall, setzt sich aus den althochdeutschen Wörtern mare „Pferd“ und skalkoz „Knecht“, „Diener“ zusammen, und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thomas R. Marshall — Thomas Riley Marshall Thomas Riley Marshall (* 14. März 1854 in North Manchester, Wabash County, Indiana; † 1. Juni 1925 in Washington D.C.) war ein US amerikanischer demokratischer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thomas Riley Marshall — (* 14. März 1854 in North Manchester, Wabash County, Indiana; † 1. Juni 1925 in Washington D.C.) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker (Demokratische Partei) und vo …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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